Barboncito, c. 1865
Cañon de Chelly, Northeastern Arizona
Cañon de Chelly, Arizona
Navajo Peace Chief
Americans and New Mexico Raiders/Mexicans
Barboncito (1821–1871) was a famous Navajo political and spiritual leader. His name means bearded Spanish ( Barbon = beard/facial hair and cito= conjucated to add a little flare). He also was known as Hástiin Dághá (Man with the Whiskers), Hastiin Daagi, Bistłahałání (The Orator), and Hózhǫ́ǫ́jí Naatʼááh (Blessing Speaker). Barboncito was born into the Ma’íí deeshgíízhiníí (Coyote Pass People) clan at Cañon de Chelly in 1820 and was a brother to Delgadito. He was a signatory of several treaties between the United States and Navajos, including the Doniphan Treaty of 1846 (Also known as the Bear Spring Treaty), which was an attempt to establish peace between the Navajo and whites during the Mexican War. This treaty proved to be unsuccessful, as not all of the Navajo Chiefs were willing to become signatory to it. This would later lead to armed rebellion against the United States where Barboncito worked together with another Navajo, Manuelito, in order to try and stop the forced relocation of Navajo tribe members to Bosque Redando. Barboncito was the Head Chief of the Navajo when the Bosque Redando Treaty of 1868 was signed. This treaty contained articles which would end hostilities between the United States and the Navajo people, as well as allowing them to return to their ancestral land at Cañon de Chelly in Arizona and having a reservation established there. The impact of this aspect of the treaty was the end of the Long Walk of the Navajo which had claimed the lives of thousands of Navajo people. Of all the Navajos of his time, Barboncito is probably most responsible for the long-term success of the Navajo culture and relations with non-Navajos. As well as being established as a skillful negotiator and leader of the Navajo people. Shortly after the enactment of the Bosque Redando Treaty, Barboncito died in 1871 at Cañon de Chelly.
Barboncito was also known as “The Orator” and “Blessing Speaker, and did not participate in skirmishes amongst the Navajo and White people. In the 1850s, Barboncito was considered a mediator between the two conflicting groups, and proposed peace between them in order to prevent escalati